Hot July brings cooling showers,
Apricots, and gillyflowers.
Gillyflowers? I can hear you all asking, what are they? Well apparently they are several things. They can be wallflowers or sweet Williams, and back in Shakespeare’s day, the name was used to refer to carnations. More recently, the term has been linked to ‘pinks’ or dianthus which I’d never grown until this spring.
Two years’ ago we were visiting the lovely garden of Broughton House in Kirkudbright in Dumfries when John spotted this small, perfectly formed pink flower. Foolishly we didn’t ask what it was and assumed that, as it was a type of dianthus, it would be easy to find somewhere – ha, ha! We’ve never yet managed to track it down.
Inspired by this, we have picked up pots of dianthus in garden centres on and off and flicked through catalogues, but never actually committed to buying any until this spring when two pots accompanied us home from Wisley one day. It was May – cold, a bit damp, and generally grey and miserable. The plants were put to one side for potting up later as I wanted them to replace winter violas that were still flowering but about to die back. Stupidly I took my eye off the ball. The weather changed rapidly on the bank holiday weekend and the poor plants were fried! I dunked them into a bowl of water and slowly over the course of the next couple of days they picked up but they still bear the scars. Many of the leaves are still scorched brown and we’ve lost one flush of flowers. So let that be a lesson to us as “hot July” approaches and, judging by recent years, we’re unlikely to get many “cooling showers”!
Pinks, or dianthus, are quite scented but it’s a smell that I can’t quite make up my mind whether I like or not. It’s quite spicy. Often described as ‘clove-like’, I’m not sure I can smell that connection. However, that did set me off thinking about scent in our garden. As long-standing readers of this column will know, I do plant a lot for wildlife, especially for bees and butterflies, and although scent has a role to play here, most of my ‘plants for pollinators’ were chosen more for their flower shape than their scent. For example, the flowers that have been attracting dozens of bees during June have been the poppies. The buzzing of the bees reverberates around the flower head as they bury themselves deep down in the centre of the bloom, causing the petals to almost rattle. However, to the best of my knowledge, poppies are unscented. That said, the lavender is about to take centre stage and that is extremely fragrant. It will soon be covered in bees but I’m not sure that I’ve ever seen butterflies head towards it.
Butterflies tend to prefer to perch on top of flat, open flowers. They love the echinacea, another unscented plant, and also the verbena bonariensis. Verbena is deceptive. You could be forgiven for thinking that it is another flat flowerhead until you look carefully and you will see that the flower is made up of dozens upon dozens of tiny little tubes of nectar. Looking back through my photos, I realise the verbena is loved by bees, hoverflies and dragonflies as well as butterflies!
It will be interesting to see how the summer progresses but currently I’m worried about butterflies in south-west London. We saw quite a few in the garden in April – small whites, holly blues, commas, brimstones and the occasional peacock, but on the warm days in June we hardly saw a thing. Has that been the effect of that long, cold May? Last year we were lucky enough to see both a cinnabar moth and a Jersey tiger in the garden, in fact the Jersey tiger seemed to be everywhere. We saw it in Crane Park and also in a local hedgerow but so far, nothing out of the ordinary this summer.
One of my experiments to attract more insects to the garden has been the sowing of a wildflower bed. Returning to my original theme of scent, it’s interesting to note that it didn’t play a part in my plan. Having never grown wildflowers before, I decided not to go mad and dig up the lawn but instead to sow some seed into a large re-usable gro-sack. Instead of filling the sack with the obvious multi-purpose compost, I bought topsoil and mixed it with old spent compost and lots of grit in order to downgrade the quality of the planting medium. Wildflowers, after all, don’t need to be pampered! I then simply scattered over a packet of mixed seed and waited. Initially I was annoyed by it as the sack sagged badly under the weight of the soil and it didn’t look particularly attractive but it is now flowering. The only thing is, I’m not sure what the flowers are that have emerged! I’m also not sure how well it’s doing on attracting insects – I’ve seen just one hoverfly so far!
If you’ve been wondering whether I’m going to mention apricots somewhere in this article, I’m afraid I’m going to disappoint you. We have fruit trees but not apricots. We also have a lot of fruit and I can assure you that one of the things that is most attractive to bees is raspberries. My advice is pick with care!!