It was only when I came to write this article that I was suddenly struck by the thought of knights of old saving damsels in distress from dragons! I can’t help but wonder how ‘dragon’ flies and ‘damsel’ flies came to be named? So far I have failed to find out but, thankfully, that’s not really the point of this article!
When it comes to insects, there are an awful lot that many of us would prefer to run a mile from. However, I suspect dragonflies and damselflies are an exception as we are fascinated by their iridescent colours and their darting aerobatics. They are also out and about on lovely warm, sunny spring and summer days, so they have lots of positive associations with walks out in the countryside. We are lucky in that, having created the pond in our garden, it quickly attracted these fascinating creatures which then, in turn, made us find out a bit more about them and try to identify what we were seeing.
First of all, do you know your damselfly from your dragonfly? Damselflies are the smaller ones. They are also the early birds, emerging as the weather starts to warm up around April. They have a gentle flight and, when resting hold their wings against their body. Most commonly you will see red ones and blue ones and quite often you will see them in pairs performing their curled mating routine just above the water. In our garden, they love to skim the pond and to settle upon waterlily pads.
Dragonflies, on the other hand, can be quite substantial. They have a strong, fast flight, holding their wings out at right angles to their bodies like miniature aircraft and, whilst you do commonly see them over water, you might also spot them elsewhere in the countryside, skimming over fields and hedgerows. There are three common types in the UK – hawkers, darters and chasers. If you see a dragonfly, or damselfly for that matter, and want to know what sort it is, the British Dragonfly Society has a good identification guide on its website.
Both damselflies and dragonflies emerge from larvae that have lived in water for anything up to 2-3 years. Dragonflies especially, spend more of their life underwater as larvae than they do flying around as adults. This worried me when we recently did our pond clearance as I was concerned that we might accidentally be removing lots of dragonfly and damselfly larvae. However, plenty seem to be hatching this summer so I think we’re ok! When ready to hatch, they will emerge up the strappy leaves of plants such as iris, and they will then cast off their outer shell leaving the ‘ghost’ of an insect behind. You will then find them sitting around, drying off their new wings before they take flight.
My favourite of these insects is the beautifully named Banded Demoiselle which is an exquisite creature of iridescent blues and greens. We occasionally get one in the garden but you can see them in Crane and Bushy parks so do keep an eye out for them. You become aware of them when you see something that looks more like a piece of silk flying in mid-air! However, earlier today I discovered that these are also difficult to remove from indoors! One flew into the dining room and it was a two-person job to eject it without causing it any harm. They just seem too delicate to handle!
And finally, some people believe that if a damselfly lands on you, it indicates that you have a pure soul!